‘By no means was a lot owed by so many to so few’

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The motto of Ukraine’s Particular Operations Forces is “I Come At You!”—a quote attributed to Sviatoslav the Courageous, a grand prince of Kyiv within the tenth century. Identified for his braveness, Sviatoslav managed to defeat highly effective armies. The motto is displayed on the SOF’s emblem which shows a silver wolf with a gold belt behind which is a wreath of silver leaves.

On July 29—which is Particular Operations Forces Day—Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy stated:

“Your exploits usually are not overtly spoken about, and your faces all the time stay hidden, however we’re all assured within the excessive degree of your coaching, hardening, invincibility of spirit, braveness and dedication.

“On this present day I additionally wish to point out SOF troopers who died within the battles for independence and the sovereignty of our state. Everlasting reminiscence to them! All of us thank the troopers in grey berets for the worthy success of their mission to guard the territorial integrity, independence and sovereignty of Ukraine!” 

THE BATTLE OF KYIV

Russian President Vladimir Putin envisioned a shock and awe marketing campaign that will seize Kyiv inside 72 hours and topple the Ukrainian authorities. Within the preliminary hours of the invasion, Russia’s elite VDV paratroopers, utilizing about 30 helicopters, carried out an air assault on the Antonov airport close to the Ukrainian city of Hostomel, about 20 miles from Kyiv.

The Russians have been so assured they wouldn’t meet any resistance that the airborne assault happened with out supporting floor forces or barrages of long-range missile hearth to weaken the Ukrainian defenses.

Ukrainian defenders opened hearth with machine weapons in addition to anti-tank missiles and rocket-propelled grenades, downing no less than three helicopters. However a number of hundred Russian paratroopers took management of the airport.

Ukrainian artillery, drones, and bombers struck the runway to stop additional landings. After which Ukrainian Particular Operations Forces, supported by a mechanized brigade, attacked the airport, stopping Russian cargo planes from bringing in heavy tools and reinforcements, irritating them and making a fast seize of Kyiv troublesome.

As combating raged in Kyiv suburbs, particular forces items connected to Ukraine’s navy intelligence service sneaked behind Russian traces to explode components of a dam on the Irpin River to launch a torrent of water that flooded the Russian forces and created a muddy quagmire impenetrable for tanks, blocking an assault on Kyiv from the west.

Ukraine’s SOF then performed a key function in halting the 40-mile convoy of armored autos and provide vans that Russia despatched from Belarus to help the assault on Kyiv, disrupting Russia’s provide traces. A whole lot of harm was carried out in a sequence of evening ambushes carried out by a crew of 30 Ukrainian SOF troopers and drone operators on quad bikes, The Guardian reported.

The commander of the Aerorozvidka drone reconnaissance unit, Lt. Col. Yaroslav Honchar, instructed The Guardian that the Ukrainian fighters on quad bikes have been capable of strategy the advancing Russian column at evening by driving by means of the dense forest on both aspect of the highway main south towards Kyiv from the route of Chernobyl.

The Ukrainian troopers have been outfitted with evening imaginative and prescient goggles, sniper rifles, Javelin anti-tank missiles, remotely detonated mines, drones outfitted with thermal imaging cameras, and others able to dropping small 1.5 kg bombs.

The Guardian wrote:

“This one little unit within the evening destroyed two or three autos on the head of this convoy, and after that it was caught. They stayed there two extra nights, and [destroyed] many autos,” Honchar stated.

The Russians broke the column into smaller items to attempt to make headway in the direction of the Ukrainian capital, however the identical assault crew was capable of mount an assault on its provide depot, he claimed, crippling the Russians’ capability to advance.

“The primary echelon of the Russian power was caught with out warmth, with out oil, with out bombs and with out fuel. And all of it occurred due to the work of 30 folks,” Honchar stated.

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After struggling heavy casualties and large tools losses, Russia determined to chop its losses and introduced in late March that its forces would abandon the assault on Kyiv and refocus on the Donbas area in jap Ukraine. In a David vs. Goliath battle, Ukraine had managed to win the Battle of Kyiv.

HOW U.S. SPECIAL FORCES TRAINED THE UKRAINIAN SOF TO RESIST THE RUSSIAN INVADERS

When Ukraine declared its independence in 1991, its particular forces consisted of the remnants of Soviet Spetsnaz items primarily based within the nation. Then in 2011, the pro-Russian Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych dismantled the Particular Operations Forces. (Always remember that Paul Manafort was paid hundreds of thousands of {dollars} to function Yanukovych’s political advisor.)

After Yanukovych was ousted within the February 2014 Maidan Revolution, Russia annexed Crimea and supported separatists within the Donbas area. On the time, Ukraine’s Chief of the Common Employees, Viktor Muzhenko, described Ukraine’s forces as “a military actually in ruins.” 

In September 2014, the brand new Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko determined to speed up the method of forming once more the Particular Operations Forces. On the finish of 2015, the Ministry of Protection made the Particular Operations Command (recognized by its Ukrainian initials because the SSO) a brand new and separate department of the Ukrainian armed forces.

By this time, the U.S. had established the Joint Multinational Coaching Group-Ukraine working out of a former Soviet base in Yavoriv in western Ukraine. The principle focus of the coaching was to remodel Ukraine’s common military from the inflexible hierarchical Soviet mannequin to a contemporary NATO-style combating power with an even bigger decision-making function for NCOs and junior officers.

RELATED STORY: How Ukraine remodeled its navy with the assistance of U.S. advisers at a former Soviet base 

However on the similar time, U.S. Inexperienced Berets and particular forces troops from different NATO nations started coaching their Ukrainian counterparts in finishing up unconventional warfare and guerrilla techniques.

Some elite Ukrainian commandos acquired particular coaching within the U.S. from the CIA in intelligence gathering and insurgency techniques. Yahoo Information wrote:

One individual conversant in this system put it extra bluntly. “America is coaching an insurgency,” stated a former CIA official, including that this system has taught the Ukrainians how “to kill Russians.”

By 2017, Ukrainian commandos had began participating recurrently in joint workouts with particular forces from the U.S. and different NATO members in Lithuania, Germany, and the Black Sea area.

And by 2021, two Ukrainian SOF items had been declared eligible for being deployed as a part of the NATO Response Drive, turning into the primary non-NATO particular operations items to obtain such certification.

By the point the Russians launched their full-scale invasion, Ukraine had constructed up a Particular Operations Drive of about 4,000 troops, with land, sea, and airborne items. Gen. Richard Clarke, who just lately retired as head of U.S. Particular Operations Command, instructed The Washington Publish

“When the Russians invaded in February, we’d been working with Ukrainian SOF for seven years. With our help, they constructed the capability, in order that they grew and so they grew in numbers, however extra importantly, they constructed functionality,” in each fight assaults and data operations.

To organize to repel the Russian invasion, every Ukrainian SOF brigade final 12 months created and skilled a ‘resistance firm’ recruited from the native inhabitants in areas reminiscent of Kherson, Zaporizhzhia and the Donbas that have been more likely to be Russian targets. Consequently, Clarke stated, “In the event you’re a Russian soldier at the moment, your head should be on a swivel since you don’t know the place the menace is. They will’t have a look at any Ukrainian and know if that individual is an enemy.”

“We come at you” was a video launched by Ukraine’s SOF earlier than the Russian invasion: 

HOW UKRAINE’S SPECIAL FORCES CARRIED OUT THEIR MISSION

Attributable to operational safety, the total story of what missions have been carried out by Ukraine’s Particular Operations Forces shouldn’t be recognized. For instance, we don’t know their doable function in attacking Russian airfields deep in Crimea or blowing up the Kerch bridge connecting the peninsula with Russia.

The duties assigned to Ukraine’s SOF embody participating in raids behind enemy traces, accumulating intelligence and constructing intelligence networks, endeavor hostage or prisoner rescue missions, serving to partisans stage assaults, and finishing up psychological operations. Most of the fight movies and intercepts of Russian troopers’ cellphone calls posted on social media have been the work of the SOF’s psy-ops items.

Rescue of Melitopol mayor:  After capturing the southern metropolis of Melitopol, Russian forces kidnapped Mayor Ivan Fedorov after he refused to collaborate with the occupiers. Just a few days later, Ukrainian particular forces rescued Fedorov in a mission whose particulars haven’t been revealed. Zelenskyy spoke with Federov after his rescue, declaring “We don’t abandon our folks.”

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Battle of Severodonetsk: After dropping the Battle of Kyiv, Russia shifted its focus to the Donbas area in jap Ukraine in an effort to finish its occupation of the Donetsk and Luhansk areas. Ukraine wanted to carry off the Russians to purchase time to coach its newly mobilized troops and start to deploy the extra superior weapons techniques it had began receiving from the U.S. and its allies.

Russian forces started the offensive in opposition to Severodonetsk in early March, however didn’t take management of town till June 25. The Institute for the Research of Warfare stated the battle had tied down Russian troops which may have been used elsewhere within the struggle, saying that Russia had “concentrated the overwhelming majority of its obtainable fight energy to seize Severodonetsk and Lysychansk on the expense of different axes of advance and is struggling heavy casualties to take action.”

Ukrainian particular forces, expert at city fight, ventured out at evening to assault Russian items in house-to-house combating.

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Battle of Mariupol: Russian forces surrounded the southern metropolis of Mariupol and drove the Ukrainian defenders into the sprawling Azovstal steelworks. In late March, the defenders have been working low on ammunition and drugs.

On March 21, two MI-8 helicopters carrying Ukrainian Particular Forces fighters flew barely 20 toes above the bottom into the Azovstal compound, bringing crates of Stinger and Javelin missiles and drugs. The helicopters evacuated wounded troopers on the return leg.

Six extra helicopter resupply missions have been carried out earlier than it grew to become too harmful to proceed. One flight introduced in dozens of reinforcements for the besieged garrison. The Azovstal defenders have been capable of maintain out till mid-Might once they have been ordered to go away the plant. However the protection tied down 1000’s of Russian troops who may have been deployed elsewhere on the southern and jap fronts.

Finishing up reconnaissance missions: Particular Forces scouts use drones and missions behind Russian traces to hunt targets. They’d then coordinate with Ukrainian artillery to destroy the goal.

On this video supplied by the Command of the Particular Operations Forces, scouts within the Donetsk area discovered a Russian column that included six Uragan MLRS, transport and loading autos, gasoline vans, hearth management autos, armored autos, and anti-infantry autos. The scouts then efficiently helped regulate the Ukrainian artillery hearth to destroy the Russian convoy.

Liberation of Snake Island: On the primary day of the invasion, Russian troops captured Snake Island within the Black Sea. The final communication heard from the Ukrainian defenders was: “Russian warship, go f-ck your self.”

On July 7, Particular Forces fight divers approached the island in underwater autos after which surveyed the coastal space for the presence of mines. They then referred to as in engineers who eliminated any mines and different traps left behind by Russian troops once they left the island per week earlier following Ukrainian assaults.

The commandos then raised their unit’s flag and Ukrainian flags on the island. 

Supporting partisan actions in occupied territories: SOF troopers have helped type partisan teams in Russian-held territories which have carried out acts of sabotage, assassinated Ukrainian collaborators and Russian officers, and supplied intelligence on Russian troop positions, tools, bases, and depots for focusing on.

The Kyiv Impartial revealed an in depth report on how Ukrainian particular forces labored with native partisans within the city of Kadiivka within the Luhansk area in early June. The native residents knowledgeable their Particular Forces contact that Wagner Group mercenaries had arrange a base on the native stadium.

After verifying the knowledge, the Particular Forces referred to as on the Ukrainian navy to hit the bottom with artillery, killing as much as 200 mercenaries and destroying their weapons depot. 

Movies from the location have been revealed by Russian propagandists after Ukraine hit it. There was disagreement amongst Ukrainians about what weapons have been fired, though the Particular Forces contact believed just lately acquired U.S.-made HIMARS have been used.

Occurring offense in Kharkiv and Kherson: When Ukrainian forces launched offensives in the Kharkiv and Kherson areas, Particular Operation Forces wreaked havoc behind enemy traces simply as they did throughout the Battle of Kyiv, solely then Ukrainian forces have been engaged in a defensive battle.

This video exhibits a small unit of Particular Operations Forces working behind enemy traces ambushing a Russian patrol close to town of Kreminna within the Luhansk area. The footage was shot from a helmet digital camera.

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On Nov. 11,  the headquarters of the Particular Operations Forces of Ukraine introduced that its troops had been the primary to enter the southern port metropolis of Kherson, the place they have been greeted by a whole bunch of residents holding Ukrainian flags within the metropolis middle.

“A shifting assembly full of pleasure: members of the Particular Operations Forces of Ukraine are within the liberated metropolis of Kherson. The feelings of Ukrainians who’ve been stoically ready for the liberation of town and are welcoming their defenders at the moment are simply unimaginable.”

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